Civil Rights Act of 1964

    Congress passed Public Law 88-352 in 1964. (78 Stat. 241). Discrimination based on caste, color, religion, sex, race or national origin is prohibited under the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Discrimination based on sex and race was banned in hiring, promoting, and dismissing under the provisions of this civil rights act.

    In the 1960s, Americans who only knew the guarantee of “equal protection of the laws” expected the president, Congress, and the courts to uphold the 14th Amendment’s pledge. As a result, all three branches of the federal government and the general public debated a critical constitutional question: Does the Constitution’s prohibition on denying equal protection permanently prohibit the use of racial, ethnic, or gender criteria to pursue social justice benefits?

    President John F. Kennedy requested a broad civil rights package from Congress in June 1963, prompted by widespread opposition to desegregation and the assassination of Medgar Evers. Following Kennedy’s killing in November, President Lyndon B. Johnson pushed hard for the bill’s approval the year followed, with the help of Roy Wilkins and Clarence Mitchell.

    Discrimination in public places and federally financed programs was outlawed under the Act. It also increased voting rights enforcement and school desegregation efforts.

    The Civil Rights Act of 1964 is the nation’s most critical civil rights law, and it continues to have an impact in the United States. The Act put a stop to the application of “Jim Crow” laws, which the Supreme Court had supported in the 1896 decision of Plessy v. Ferguson, in which the Court ruled that “separate but equal” racial segregation was lawful. Congress expanded the Civil Rights Act to increase this fundamental civil rights enforcement.

    Join Our Community

    and stay up-to-date with everything going on in the Akrivia HCM